Today, Terezin (formerly known as Theresienstadt) is a sleepy countryside town in the north-west region of Bohemia. The town witnessed the dark days of the Holocaust in1940-1945 when 140,000 people were deported here by the Nazis. The place served as a ghetto, GESTAPO prison, and a concentration camp. The Terezin Memorial is the only institution of its kind in the Czech Republic, and its key mission is to commemorate the victims of the Nazi persecution during the occupation of the Czech territories during World War II.
The Memorial consists of over ten historic sites—a Small Fortress, Ghetto museum, cemeteries, the Crematorium, railway siding, and others. Thousands of people died here due to being tortured, malnutrition, and disease. For many, it was the last stop before extermination camps like Treblinka and Auschwitz.
If you are interested in Czech-Jewish history, the Holocaust, and World War II, you can join a tour to the Terezin Memorial. Guides will show you the monuments and museums with exhibitions from its dark past. Tours run year round, with the exception of Christmas and New Year's Day.