Indonesia is currently the world’s fourth largest coffee producer. The first plantations on Java were founded at the times of the country’s Dutch colonial past. The Dutch brought here coffee plant seeds in 1699, and it was the right decision because the local climate was perfect for growing this plant. The main sort was Arabica, and it was brought from Sri Lanka.
About 90% of Indonesian coffee is still grown by small farms. Many of them are 100% organic. The Javanese coffee harvest period from June to October is the best time to visit these farms and see how coffee is being picked by hand, dried and stored. Also, it's a great opportunity to learn new coffee brewing techniques, try new kinds of coffee, and take in beautiful views.
Some famous coffee plantations are located at Ijen Plateau, Eastern Java, at an altitude of 1,400 m. The Dutch founded five largest estates in the 18th century. They are Blawan, Jampit, Pancoer, Kayumas and Tugosari - together they cover about 4,000 ha. Don't forget to try the famous aged coffee prepared by local farms. Bogor and Sukabumi regions in West Java are also quite famous coffee-growing spots.