Lake McDonald is the largest and most popular lake at Glacier National Park. Located in the west part of the park, the lake is surrounded by mountains, stretching for about 10 mi (16 km) and offering spectacular views during any season. The best time to hike in Lake McDonald Valley is in the summer. The Glacier Park's hiking season generally runs from late May or early June to mid-September or October. In the winter, some services are limited, and roads are closed due to snow. The section of the Going-to-the-Sun Road from West Glacier to Lake McDonald Lodge, however, is open year-round.
The road runs parallel to the southern shore of Lake McDonald. The eastern shore of the lake borders the Continental Divide. Lake McDonald Valley's flora is dominated by western red cedar, spruce, fir, and hemlock. Meanwhile, the fauna includes bighorn sheep, black bears, grizzly bears, mountain goats, mule dear, and elk. The lake lies on an elevation of 3,153 feet (961 m) and was once occupied by massive glaciers.
Lake McDonald's waters are crystal clear since its cold temperature doesn't permit plankton or algae. So, it's easy to see millions of colorful pebbles on the bottom. These rocks were formed during different times, starting from the ice age when the lake was created by glaciers. Rocks' color depends on the amount of iron and other minerals.
Hiking trails near Lake McDonald
Lake McDonald Valley is one of the most popular hiking destinations of Glacier National Park. The Trail of the Cedars is among the most accessible in Glacier National Park. A one-mile loop trail starts and ends on the Going-To-The-Sun Road. One of the easiest day-hikes is also the 2-mi (4- km) Avalanche Lake Trail with an elevation gain of 500 ft (152 m). The trail, which features a waterfall and a lake, starts at Avalanche Picnic Area. The territory also features many bike trails: the 1.5-mi (2.4-km) Apgar Bike Path, which starts south of Apgar Backcountry Permit Office and the 1.2-mi (2-km) Fish Creek Bike Path, which starts north of the Lower McDonald Creek Bridge on the Camas Road.
Even though Lake McDonald is not considered to be a great fishing destination, it's possible to fish here. Beautiful views will surely compensate for the poor catch, as the lake lacks sufficient nutrients to sustain a large fish population. Anglers can fish from the shore, using a hook and line. Only one rod per person is permitted according to the park's rules. Lake McDonald is home to westslope cutthroat trout, rainbow trout, bull trout, and lake trout. If you want to use a boat, you'll need to obtain a boating permit.
Lake McDonald Lodge and the campgrounds
The best place to spend the night in the park is the famous Lake McDonald Lodge, located along the shore. The historic lodge was built in 1913–1914 in Swiss chalet style. Other options in the park include Apgar Village Lodge and Motel Lake McDonald. At least four campgrounds are located in proximity to Lake McDonald: Apgar, Avalanche, Fish Creek, and Sprague Creek. Even though camping in the park is usually limited to the summer season, Apgar Campground is open year-round. The largest campground in Glacier National Park features the Apgar Visitor Center, gift shops, a camp store, and a restaurant. Boat rentals, tours, and horseback ride reservations are also available in Apgar Village.