Best time to visit Puerto Rico

Kayaking in Bio Bay in Puerto Rico

The illuminated water brings kayaking in Puerto Rico to the next level.

Best time: all year round

Kayaking during the daylight is a usual practice. But the lagoons of Puerto Rico offer a much more special option—night kayaking. Tiny bits of plankton are there to illuminate the water and create mesmerizing scenery. Bioluminescence is only clearly visible in the dark, so with the onset of darkness, you get into a kayak and go deep into the lagoon.

Although Bioluminescence kayaking is available year-round, plankton brightness can be affected by the moon, so if you want to enjoy it to the fullest, choose a moonless night.

Companies that organize tours to lagoons concentrate in Las Croabas, an hour's drive from San Juan. Other famous destinations for Bioluminescence kayaking are Mosquito Bay in Vieques and La Parguera in Lajas. Companies usually inevitably provide transparent kayaks, in which you can see the glow in the water even better. They also offer a package full-day trip with kayaking and rainforest walks.

On average, kayaking lasts up to two hours. The prices start from $48 for an adult.

Practical info

When is the best time to go kayaking in Bio Bay in Puerto Rico?

The bioluminescent plankton in Puerto Rico glows brightly during a dark moonless night, making it the ideal time for kayaking tours that starts at nightfall and lasts for about two hours. It is recommended to select a tour on a darker night for maximum visibility. The bioluminescent plankton's brightness varies due to the moon, but the natural wonder can be enjoyed all year round. Show more

Where can I find companies organizing Bioluminescence kayaking in Puerto Rico?

The renowned destination in Puerto Rico for bioluminescent kayaking is Las Croabas, an hour's drive from San Juan. Kayaking tours to lagoons are popular among visitors, and the tour companies are mainly located in Las Croabas, La Parguera in Lajas, and Mosquito Bay in Vieques. Tour packages typically provide transparent kayaks, allowing an optimal view of the plankton, along with daytime rainforest hikes and day trips at an average price of $48 for adults. Show more

What causes the water to illuminate during night kayaking?

As you paddle through the water, your kayak movement agitates the microscopic plankton that inhabit the water and create a reaction, leading to bioluminescence. Bioluminescence happens naturally, producing a biochemical reaction that releases light while agitated. The bright plankton emit light, and the interaction with the water produces the glowing effect visible while kayaking at night. Show more

Can I see the Bioluminescent plankton during the day?

Bioluminescent plankton can only be seen during the darkest times at night, making daylight observation impossible. The bright bioluminescent plankton further glows due to the darkness, making it visible naked eye and enhancing the stunning light show. During the day, sunlight interferes, reducing its visibility, thereby necessitating darkness and night-time observation to witness this natural phenomenon. Show more

How long does the kayaking trip last, and what are the prices offered?

Kayaking tours for observing Bioluminescent plankton in Puerto Rico typically lasts two hours, enabling the exploration of lagoons and observation of the glowing water effect. Tours cost an average of $48 for adults, include necessary night kayaking equipment, such as transparent kayaks and life jackets. The companies offer comprehensive packages inclusive of rainforest hikes and full-day trips, enabling the visitors to enjoy the entirety of Puerto Rico's beautiful charm at additional costs. Show more

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Last updated: by Dari Vasiljeva