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Pampas in Argentina

Discover the mythical Pampas with its parks, reserves, and villages, meet face-to-face with gauchos, and learn about Argentina's traditional rural life


The vast plains or “prairies” located in central Argentina from the Atlantic coast to the Andean foothills are called The Pampas, means "flat surface." The Argentine Pampas are a dry, barren zone with great saline areas and sandy deserts in the west (La Pampa province) and a humid zone in the east (includes part of Buenos Aires province). This territory has long been glorified in songs and folktales. This is where wheat and sunflowers grow.

Only here can you see Gauchos galloping on a horseback with the power of the wind through the vast steppes or herding sheep in Patagonia.

In the Pampas, there are several authentic villages and towns where you can see many monuments of the colonial heritage of the country. It is worth visiting to get acquainted with the traditions and culture of the local people, their way of life, try dishes of national cuisine, and learn many interesting things about rural life. In addition, Liahué Calello National Park offers birdwatching. Pampas’ animals are also a must while here. Parts of the Pampas are noted for their vineyards, especially in Mendoza Provence.

The area may be visited year-round, depending on what weather you prefer—crispy and cold winters or hot and humid summer. The most pleasant season is spring (October-December) and fall (March-May).

Practical info

What are the Argentine Pampas? Where is it located?

The Argentine Pampas are extensive plains in central Argentina, covering from the Atlantic coast to the Andean foothills. In the west (La Pampa province), they are known for their barrenness, saline areas, and sandy deserts, while in the east, which includes some of the Buenos Aires province, they are more humid regions marked by several authentic towns and villages showcasing colonial heritage monuments. Show more

Besides meeting Gauchos, what other activities are there in the Pampas?

The Pampas is a treasure trove of traditional customs, national cuisines, and rural lifestyles waiting to be explored in various authentic towns and villages. You can discover the colonial heritage monuments standing as a testament to the country's past. For bird watchers, Liahué Calello National Park offers more than 200 species of Pampas birds, while other parts have vineyards, especially the popular Mendoza province. Show more

What is the best time to visit the Pampas?

The best time to visit the Argentine Pampas is during the pleasant seasons of spring (October-December) and fall (March-May), although you can visit any time of the year. Weather in the Pampas can range from crisp and cold winters to hot and humid summers, depending on your preference and interest. Show more

Which national parks are ideal for birdwatching within the Pampas?

Liahué Calello National Park is a perfect destination for observing Pampas birds with more than 200 bird species, including the crested tinamou, southern screamer, and the white-rumped monjita. Other national parks nearby, such as Campo de los Alisos National Park and Copo National Park, provide an insight into their rich flora and fauna. Show more

What distinguishes the Pampas' animals and vineyards from others?

The Argentine Pampas boasts a diverse fauna, including the Guanacos, jaguars, pumas, and the Andean condors. The vineyards in Mendoza Province offer tourists a chance to learn about the unique winemaking process behind the famous Argentine wine, renowned for its rich, fruity, and full-bodied taste. Wineries like Bodega Catena Zapata and Trapiche Winery offer guided tours of the sprawling vineyards, allowing visitors to enjoy the stunning countryside and experience the unique landscape. Show more

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Last updated: by Eleonora Provozin