Endemic and rare birds can be found in Madeira at all times. However in spring and fall, there is a better chance to spot rare migratory species. It's possible to encounter up to 50 species during a Madeira birdwatching holiday. Porto Santo and Desertas islands would be the most interesting destinations for a birdwatcher. Two endemic full species among the land birds in Madeira are the trocaz pigeon and the Madeira firecrest.